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Classification and Morphology of Dragon Fruit Plants

Classification and Morphology of Dragon Fruit Plants Classification and Morphology of Dragon Fruit Plants

Classification in addition to Morphology of Dragon Fruit Plants - Dragon fruit (English: pitaya) is a fruit of several types of cactus from the genera Hylocereus together with Selenicereus. This fruit comes from United Mexican States, Central America in addition to South America but is now likewise cultivated in Asian countries such as Taiwan, Vietnam, Philippines, Republic of Indonesia too Malaysia. This natural production can likewise live institute inward Okinawa, Israel, northern Australia in addition to southern Cathay. Hylocereus only blooms at nighttime.

In 1870 the French were brought from Guyana to Vietnam as ornamental plants. By the Vietnamese as well as Chinese individuals the organic production was considered to convey gifts. Therefore, this fruit is always placed between 2 light-green dragon statues on the altar table. The cherry-red color of the fruit is striking between the colors of the greenish dragons. It is from this habit that the fruit amidst the Vietnamese people who are heavily influenced by Chinese civilisation is known equally thang loy (dragon fruit). The term Thang loy is so translated inwards Europe in addition to other countries that speak English as dragon fruit.

This dragon fruit tin grow well with a maximum temperature of 38-40 degrees centigrade, with unloosen and fertile soil media and a lot of organic affair inwards the soil. 

Classification together with Morphology of Dragon Fruit Plants - based on botanical experts, dragon fruit plants can be classified too morphologically equally follows.

Classification of dragon fruit plants
Kingdom Plantae
Division Spermatophyta
Subdivision Angiospermae
Class Dicotyledonae
Order Cactales
Family Cactaceae
Genus Hylocereus
Species - Hylocereus cysticensi
- Hylocereus undarus
- Hylocereus polyrhizus
- selenicereus megalanthus

     Morphology of dragon fruit plants

Dragon fruit plants tin live morphologized past looking at their characteristics every bit follows.
  • 1. Root
The roots of dragon fruit plants have a length of twenty-thirty cm, reaching a depth of 50-60 cm, brownish inward colour, in addition to growing filamentous. The rooting of this flora tin can grow good, despite dry out soil weather condition.
Classification and Morphology of Dragon Fruit Plants Classification and Morphology of Dragon Fruit Plants

  • 2. Rod
The stems of dragon fruit plants are triangular inwards shape, greenish inwards colour together with have thorns - blackish thorns too stems that are seculent (containing a lot of water). The stalk too has many branches around six- 10 branches of the same color which are useful for producing food reserves during the growth and development of dragon fruit cultivation. Thorns - fine spines that stick to the trunk together with branches, commonly hung around v-8 pieces at a growing bespeak.
Classification and Morphology of Dragon Fruit Plants Classification and Morphology of Dragon Fruit Plants

  • 3. Interest
The blossom of dragon fruit plants almost resembles pineapple peel, which has scales on the crown. An elongated funnel shaped, with a size of thirty cm or more, a greenish crown, ruby-red petals, in addition to whitish inside. In full general, flowers volition pollinate with the aid of wind too animals around.
Classification and Morphology of Dragon Fruit Plants Classification and Morphology of Dragon Fruit Plants

  • four pieces
The fruit is shaped almost like pineapple, which has scales on the surface of the fruit together with the fruit has a blood-red as well as fleshy colour depending on the species. The fruit will unremarkably grow on the base of operations of the stalk too mid-stem. The within of this fruit will hold blackish, shiny seeds, this fruit has an average weight of around 400 - 800 grams / fruit.
Classification and Morphology of Dragon Fruit Plants Classification and Morphology of Dragon Fruit Plants

  • 5. Seeds
Dragon fruit seeds are black with a minor, apartment as well as real hard round shape. Seeds that are inward the fruit are around 1,000 or more than, depending on the type together with diversity of the dragon fruit plant. The seeds of dragon fruit plants are used for generative propagation of plants, but they are rarely used because they accept fourth dimension.
Classification and Morphology of Dragon Fruit Plants Classification and Morphology of Dragon Fruit Plants

     Varieties

The advert dragon fruit refers to edible fruits from plants of the type:
  1. Hylocereus undatus, whose fruit is scarlet with white flesh.
  2. Hylocereus polyrhizus, whose fruit is pink with ruddy flesh.
  3. Selenicereus megalanthus with yellow rind too white flesh.
  4. Hylocereus costaricensis, a dragon fruit with a rattling cherry-red fruit colour.

     Morphology

Morphology of dragon fruit plants consists of roots, stems, thorns, flowers, and fruit. Dragon root is only a root root that develops in the soil on the upper stalk as a hanging root. The roots grow along the stalk on the dorsum of the fin in the corner of the stem. On the thorns, flowers volition await similar Wijayakusuma flowers. Flowers that do not autumn out educate into fruit. Dragon fruit is round oval inward size with avocado. The fruit peels are bright ruby for white together with scarlet dragon fruit types, dark crimson for black dragon fruit, as well as yellowish for yellowish dragon fruit. All over the pare are filled with tassels which are analogous to dragon scales. Therefore, this fruit is called dragon fruit.
Classification and Morphology of Dragon Fruit Plants Classification and Morphology of Dragon Fruit Plants

The body is triangular, the spines are real curt and unobtrusive, so it is ofttimes considered a "prickly cactus". The flowers bloom early on inward the eve if the flower buds are most xxx cm inwards size. The creamy outer crown of flowers blooms around nine o'clock inwards the eventide, and then the white inner crown is followed, including a number of yellowish stamens. Blossoms, for case, pipes at terminal open up completely at midnight, so mythical beast natural product is known as night sprouting cereus. When inward total bloom, dragon fruit spreads a fragrant odour. This scent is to attract bats, to pollinate dragon fruit flowers.

     Dragon fruit cultivation

In general, dragon fruit is cultivated by cutting or seeding seedlings. Plants will thrive if the media is porous (not muddy), rich inward nutrients, sandy, sufficient sunlight together with temperature between 38-twoscore ° C. If the handling is goodness enough, the plant volition start out to comport fruit at the age of eleven-17 months. Dragon fruit is real adaptive cultivated inwards diverse regions with altitudes at 0-1200 thousand to a higher place bounding main floor. The most of import thing is getting plenty sunlight is a status for growing carmine dragon fruit.

Dragon fruit tin educate with soil in addition to altitude of any location, but this plant life is quite greedy for nutrients, so that if the soil contains good fertilizer, the increment volition live goodness. Within 1 twelvemonth, dragon fruit trees tin can reach a height of 3 meters. Based on several sources, dragon fruit has not been widely cultivated in Republic of Indonesia. In the hateful time, inwards the territories of Mojokerto, Jember, Malang, Pasuruan, Banyuwangi, Ponorogo, Wonogiri, Kalibawang, Kulon Progo, Batam as well as Bandung are regions that have got developed this plant life.
Classification and Morphology of Dragon Fruit Plants Classification and Morphology of Dragon Fruit Plants

     Consumption

Dragon fruit must be carve up until the flesh is seen when it is consumed. The texture of the fruit is frequently equated with kiwi fruit because the seeds are black too crispy. The flesh feels a bit sweet when eaten too has a depression calorie content. Dragon fruit seeds have a spicy gustation too are rich in lipids and are eaten together with the flesh, but the seeds must be chewed because the body is hard to digest. Besides being eaten directly, dragon fruit tin can too live processed into various forms of food as well as drinks such as soup, salad, chips, gelatin, fruit juice, pearl porridge, together with so on.
Classification and Morphology of Dragon Fruit Plants Classification and Morphology of Dragon Fruit Plants

     Benefits of dragon fruit

Red dragon fruit every bit one of the fruits that has many benefits to assist overcome and assistance cure diverse diseases. Beginning from the dragon fruit stalk, monster organic product tissue, to the pare of dragon fruit likewise has a corking deal of vitamins and substances that are exceptionally valuable. Doctors likewise strongly recommend red dragon fruit, as a consumption fruit that tin can live used for therapy inward healing a illness.
Here are some benefits of dragon fruit:
  • Red dragon fruit helps cure cancer, the complex vitamin content, has been recommended by doctors every bit a fruit of cancer healing therapy.
  • Beautifying appearance, with its high vitamin C content, ruddy dragon fruit helps maintain salubrious pare, even the fruit in addition to peel can besides be used as a scrub.
  • Because the sugariness sense of taste of reddish dragon fruit is not derived from glucose, ruddy dragon fruit tin can likewise assist cure diabetes.
  • Keep upwards wellbeing together with stamina, with the marrow of cancer prevention agents as well as vitamins.
  • Prevent osteoporosis or os calcification, because scarlet dragon fruit contains a lot of organic calcium.
  • Contains vitamin B3 which functions to cut down cholesterol levels in addition to to cure coughing together with asthma to overcome high blood force per unit area.
  • Caring for eye wellness, because beta-carotene contained inward dragon fruit is useful for maintaining eye wellness.
  • Keeping upward pump wellbeing, on the grounds that the heart and soul of vitamin C, B1, B2 together with B3 contained in dragon fruit tin keep upwards heart wellbeing.

     Pests together with diseases

Vermin institute inwards dragon fruit coarse bugs (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae) jackbeardsleyi Pseudococcus species, Ferrisia virgata, in addition to Planococcus sp, aphids (Hemiptera: Aphididae). Species Aphis gossypii, Branchycaudus helichrysi, too Toxoptera odinae, ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) species Oecophylla sp, Camponotus sp, Euprenolepis sp, in addition to Polycharis sp, insects (Orthoptera: Acrididae) species Valanga sp, Oxya sp, as well as Atractomorpha sp, bugs ( Acarina: Tetranycidae); snails (Acathina fulica), and fowls. Chickens are not considered pests, but they can movement severe damage to fruit if they are allowed to live present inward the garden. The diseases found inward dragon fruit are rust ruby-red algae (Cephaleuros sp.), Orange place grapes (Fusarium sp.), White grapes (Botryosphaeria sp. And Phomopsis sp.), Blighted stems (Helminthosporium sp.) And anthracnose (Colletotrichum sp. ), Dothiorella spot, brownish stalk rot, yellowing stalk, fruit rot (Colletotrichum sp. And Helminthosporium sp.) Spot citrus fruit (Alternaria sp.). A dark spot affliction on the stalk has not been identified. Pests in addition to diseases have got not been controlled inward certain systems, mayhap because their events did non outcome in meaning losses.
Classification and Morphology of Dragon Fruit Plants Classification and Morphology of Dragon Fruit Plants

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