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Land preparation for Watermelon Cultivation - Part II

Land preparation for Watermelon Cultivation Land preparation for Watermelon Cultivation - Part II

Single planting beds lined with pillar
Caption:
The length of beds: Same length as the planting surface area.
The width of beds: 120-130 cm.
Bed tiptop: xl to 60 cm.
Pillar height: 220 cm in a higher place the ground.
The depth of planting the human foot pillar: a minimum of 10 cm.
Fruit shelf peak: 50-lxx cm above the surface of the.

The advantage of the form of beds as in a higher place is is :
  • Plant aid tardily to exercise as well as easy to command, because the leafage of plants as well as fruit lies inwards a place easily visible.
  • In the expanse of cropland narrow, relatively more able to accommodate the establish. Usually 2 times higher than the other cast of beds.
  • Risk of damage to crops due to technical together with pests on fruit relatively little. Therefore, plants tin can not live walked when performing artificial pollination too fruit is non located above the earth surface is really loved pests and diseases.
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Losses patterns such is the cast of beds:
  • The operational costs to live incurred relatively more because they hold to provide a pillar as well as shelving units.
  • Making the pillar as well as fruit rack requires extra time together with effort, which way add together to the cost as well.
  • Can live retained only 2 branches inward dap plants.

Of some cast of beds pattern we noted, the most widely used cast is the shape of beds lined upward double cropping. Thus a more than efficient shape of beds inward terms of both fourth dimension of manufacture and maintenance, too economically cheaper. The form of beds should live good adapted to the weather of the planting expanse in addition to the existing fiscal.

3. Phase Smoothing and Leveling Chunk of Land
Land on the side of the raised bed, a home for planting watermelons must be destroyed past using a hoe, so the boulder had crushed into crumbs. The primal part of beds (part of the track pieces) in the cast of beds non-pillar, nosotros averaged a small course of study, does not involve to live a crumb. In that department volition live a home for establish propagation as well as growing of fruit laying board. This part of our layered hay for propagation pelelakan watermelon and fruit.

4. Phase Liming
Type of lime friend tin can employment to calcification is agricultural lime containing elements of Calcium (Ca) and Magnesium (Mg), which is to neutralize the soil acidity too neutralize toxins from metal ions contained in the soil.

Of some types of agricultural lime on the market, the lime which is used in watermelon planting surface area is limestone material of crushed limestone without the combustion process or inwards the linguistic communication of ordinary chemic called calcium carbonate. In the market place, lime carbonate sold with 2 forms for the make, which differed only in the content of the element.

Based on the magnesium element content of such large plenty, dolomite lime chosen more than for utilization on dry land for planting watermelon. While the amount of lime that needs to be melted subject on soil pH mensuration results. Here is presented Table doses of lime on dry land usage watermelon.

For example, at a distance of 90 cm from the edge of the embankment toward the middle of the beds, not sprinkled evenly across the planting area. Then the way the chalk stocking is as follows: lime spread on the planting line of work evenly, so the dry land that has been sprinkled lime was mixed alongside a hoe so evenly mixed on the beds that will be planted alongside watermelons. So that lime has been mixed in the soil tin be fused and react with the soil, then the starting time left tersebul beds for 2-four days, so merely do the basic fertilization over the parts that have got been limed earlier.

five. Stage Basic Fertilization
Fertilizer commonly used unluk watermelon planting area is organic fertilizer in addition to artificial fertilizer artificial fertilizers or only solitary. Manure is commonly used for the cultivation of watermelon is manure from cows or buffaloes. Manure should be selected ripe.

Some characteristics of manure that tin can live said is the most mature of fauna waste in addition to leftover chunks of food is decomposed into the soil or manure pile that when touched past hand volition not experience the estrus.

Manure is needed to help restore the soil less fertile. Dose manure for fertilization function seedbed planting row places is as much as 2 kg perbatang plants. Then the number of manure application depends on the number of stems of plants inwards planting area. As a dominion, on every one thousand square meters of terra firma for planting can carry virtually 300 stems of plants with the cropping pattern of beds lined upward double cropping.

So for these systems require manure 600 kg (300 stalk x @ 2 kg) by agency of fertilization is only distributed evenly on each side of the raised bed planting watermelons signal job, not the entire acreage planted. After the fertilizer evenly sown, so nosotros align one time once more amongst a fork (cakruk) and afterward that nosotros spread artificial fertilizer on it. In principle, the basic fertilizer consists of :
  • Macro fertilizer.
  • Micro fertilizer.
Micro fertilizer we employment for basic fertilizer is fertilizer micro-powder or crystal, not similar a liquid fertilizer.

Fertilizers base consisting of the macro too micro fertilizers, we commencement mixed so that each stem of the found will as receive rations of fertilizer as much as 240 to 300 grams too plus 1% anti stem borer. The way of calculating the amount of fertilizer needs past using that tabular array is therefore:

For instance, solid ground to be planted surface area of ​​K foursquare meters too at that place are virtually 300 plants. So if nosotros employment the touchstone ration of 250 grams per basic fertilizer plant stems, means for an expanse that requires much fertilizer base: 300 x 250 gr stalk plant fertilizer - 75 kg basic fertilizer.

The land and then we stir back inward such a way that the fertilizer is located below the crop root organization. In this way the fertilizer tin be easily absorbed past institute roots. Then nosotros smoothes the soil surface.

After completion of this basic fertilization treatment, soil fertilizer that nosotros should not live crushed so that the state does non compact the soil dorsum. Solid country solid ground volition inhibit establish increase, root drive will be difficult to grow together with absorb nutrients. As a event, the institute volition grow faltered even the possibility to wither too cash in one's chips.

half-dozen. Phase Consummation of Beds
To inhibit the evaporation of water together with the increase of weeds around the establish, and so the beds postulate to live weeded too watered regularly. We hold prepared seedbed, peculiarly the planting beds where the line of work is located, should live given a protective coating that is able to make out alongside too inhibits the increment of weeds together with H2O evaporation. Upholstered beds commonly used inwards the watermelon crop is:

hay
This dry straw is spread evenly across the thick beds of 2-3 cm. Straw is ordinarily non able to hold out until the fruit is fix to live picked, because the straw easily become obsolete, it is necessary to add together a novel layer of straw. The add-on of this novel hay demand not live done evenly. Seedbed kickoff side we are stocking basic fertilizer ordinarily grasses as well as wild plants flourish as good as watermelon that we cultivated plants. This volition lead to contest in uptake from the soil. Therefore, it needs to be weeded regularly.


Plastic Mulch
This textile is a plastic sail that is packed on a gyre inwards the folded land. Plastic width is unremarkably between 110-150 cm, depending on the specifications of the manufacturer. This cloth is often used by farmers to mulch. Mulching of plastic textile is capable of inhibiting evaporation of H2O together with the increase of wild plants compared amongst cloth from straw. Plastic materials likewise have additional advantages, such as :
  • Plastic older historic period, to live able to live on used for 8-12 months inward an open surface area (2-3 times the catamenia of cultivation).
  • Side of the plastic, particularly plastic sided silvery color, can reverberate sunlight to indirectly aid plant more than sunlight that is necessary for the increase procedure.
  • Watermelon tin use both the embrace fabric. Plastic we utilisation as a cover on the side of the beds planted alongside watermelons together with dry straw to embrace the surface of the seedbed is not a covered past plastic as a embrace, straw tin can besides live held by tendrils placard institute until the found can stand firmly too non easily ravaged by the air current.
How plumbing fixtures embrace both materials are as follows:
  • At start nosotros put the plastic along the lines of planting on the edge of the bed.
  • Our plastic folds open up, and then we expand on the embankment side, hanging near 10 cm of surface drainage canal / road maintenance so that excess water tin seep into the H2O channel towards the middle of the bed.
  • Then the ends of the plastic (edges) we piled with soil, until the place is non easily changed if blown angina (plastic installation time is best when the Sun was scorching-hot). In this condition, the plastic expands until the installation nosotros practise tin can occur more than presentable.
  • For installation of plastic that has a two-sided colour, the silverish side of the plastic is placed on the top facing toward the sun.
  • The remaining parts of the plastic covered bed should not nosotros spread out straw 2-3 cm thick dry evenly.
After the finished plastic parts mounted on the side of the embankment, nosotros demand to await for the decomposition of manure inward the soil for 10-xiv days before the seeds we planted in that location. Given the fourth dimension it takes for the seeds ranged betwixt 10-15 days as well, so normally the farmers began to educate a seed to live grown at such fourth dimension spell waiting for the ripening procedure Fertilizer concluding.

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